Archive for the ‘H.S. Tariff Classification’ Category


 

Trade Talk | This week in HS Tariff Changes

Trade Talk | This week in HS Tariff Changes

Trade – New 2017 Customs HS Tariff Codes in Effect NOW!

What we know for sure: HS Tariff changes

Getting your HS Tariff Code right is really important! The HS Tariff changes have been coming for quite a while and most are well known to customs brokers however let’s ensure that you, the vendors, are clear!

The current updates announced by the World Customs Organization (WCO) that came into effect as of January 22, 2017, are still being digested by most organizations. Our Trade Compliance Advisors have been on top of this for several months and are prepared to offer support where your company might need it.

If you are a client of ours, rest assured that we have already implemented the required changes and addressed all prior rulings that needed updating. If however, you are not a client of ours, we recommend you either contact your customs broker to ensure your tariff classifications and rulings are correct or contact our Trade Compliance Advisors. We are available 24/7 to provide this service on your company’s behalf.

What we are talking about:

The HS Tariff Changes had a large focus food products.

“The majority of the new changes to the HS have been broached by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations).

The HS 2017 amendments for fish and fishery products are to further enhance the coverage of species and product forms which need to be monitored for food security purposes and for better management of resources. The split by more detailed product forms for crustaceans, molluscs and other invertebrates is motivated by the importance of trade and consumption of these species in the various product forms.

The amendment for cuttlefishes and squids is to extend the coverage of the present codes, in order to have all those species grouped. At present, a significant share of cuttlefish and squid trade is recorded under residual codes for molluscs.”

With the final actions and rulings in regards to Forestry Products we are also talking about the amendments on this section of the WCO amendment announcement:

“The amendment for forestry products aims at one main area: enhancement of the coverage of wood species in order to get a better picture of trade patterns, including endangered species. In particular, separating the data on tropical wood trade will both serve to focus attention on the important issue of tropical wood use and clarify data on non-tropical hardwoods. The HS 2017 amendments also include the creation of new subheadings for the monitoring and control of certain products of bamboo and rattan, requested by the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR).”

What we think:

We have been ensuring over recent months that our clients rulings are up to date with the changes and requirements laid out in the 2017 Customs Tariff. We are confident that our clients will, and have, found the transition to the 2017 Customs tariff seamless.

What we advise:

If you have a ruling on a classification we advise you to ensure that it is upheld under the 2017 customs tariff amendments, if you are not sure we highly recommend you contact a customs broker as soon as possible to avoid penalties, fines or worse, holdups of your company’s goods at border crossings.

Here is a great excerpt from our blog Your Broker Knows blog which covers tips on how to correctly classify your goods using the H.S. Tariff:

Key Reasons Why “Getting It Right” Is So Important: (The full article is here: http://bit.ly/2kagZzd)

Let us start with the area that everyone is aware:

  1.   Duty rates: The tariff classification has a direct correlation to the duty rate that you will be expected to pay (and no, it is not a matter of “finding the one that says FREE”).
  2.   NAFTA: This is very important as one of the first steps in determining if goods qualify under NAFTA is to find the tariff classification for the product and to then check under the NAFTA Specific Rules of Origin to determine how the goods might qualify. A common misconception is that products will “automatically” qualify if they are made in Canada, the U.S. or Mexico.
  3.   Anti-Dumping Duty (ADD): If a government decides that they need to protect a domestic industry, they can impose an anti-dumping duty on specific imports. This is also driven by the harmonised tariff classification. Pay close attention to this area as anti-dumping duty rates are always very high – usually double or sometimes triple digit percentages. For a full list of Canadian imports subject to dumping duties visit this link » Goods subject to anti-dumping or countervailing duties
  4.   Exporting to countries other than the U.S. where the shipment value exceeds $2,000.00? You or your freight forwarder will be required to complete a B13A export document (or electronic equivalent), and you will need the eight-digit harmonised system export code or the Canadian 10-digit import code for each product. Once again, export restrictions and permits governed by Foreign Affairs are driven by the tariff classification. The above topics are the primary reasons for determining the correct tariff classification. In addition, we should also include the controls through other governmental agencies, such as the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Free Trade Agreements with other countries, and also the effects on Canada’s trade statistics.

Remember – If your company’s name is indicated as the importer on any customs documents, you (not your customs broker) are looked upon as the responsible party to ensure all declarations are correct. You may be able to avoid any future problems by getting it right the first time!

What we are reading:2017 Customs Tariff Amendments

The WCO has published the accepted amendments to the Harmonized System (HS) Nomenclature that went into force on 1 January 2017. It includes 233 sets of amendments, divided as follows: agricultural sector 85; chemical sector 45; wood sector 13; textile sector 15; base metal sector 6; machinery sector 25; transport sector 18; other sectors 26.

Link: http://bit.ly/2kI8prv

Along with the announcements and information shared on the WCO website, we are and have been, reading and disseminating the new Customs Tariff Documentation as you can see in this image – all 4 inches thick of it!

 

2017 Designation Maintenance Begins in our Professional Development Courses!

A new year means a new start for most everything and this includes a reset to the maintenance requirements of your professional designations set forth by the credential’s governing body. Our Professional Development Courses are about to launch for 2017.
Professional Development Courses Seminars and Webinars

Whether you are a Canadian or U.S. Certified Customs Specialist (CCS), a Certified Trade Compliance Specialist (CTCS), a Certified Export Specialist (CES), a designate with the Law Society of British Columbia (LSBC) or accounting professional, taking any of Pacific Customs Brokers’ seminars and webinars will earn you maintenance points, credits and hours towards a variety professional designations.

Review and plan your maintenance for the first half of 2017 by clicking on the course’s name below:

CSCB NEI LSBC
Webinar CCS CTCS CCS CES
CDN Importing for Beginners Part 1
CDN Importing for Beginners Part 2
US Importing for Beginners Part 1 1
US Importing for Beginners Part 2 1
FDA Regulated Goods 2 2 1
CFIA Regulated Goods 2 2
NAFTA for Beginners Part 1 1 1
NAFTA for Beginners Part 2 1
Seminar
Shipping and Importing Perishables – NEW! 5 5 3 3
CDN Trade Compliance Part 1 5 5
CDN Trade Compliance Part 2 5 5 3
Exporting from Canada 5 5 3 3
US Trade Compliance Part 1 5 5 3
US Trade Compliance Part 2 5 5 3 3
HS Tariff Classification 5 6 4
Free Trade Agreements and Rules of Origin 5 5 5
Customs Valuation 5 3.5
CFIA 5 5
FDA 5 5 3
C-TPAT and PIP 3 3 2 2

 

If you have never attended one of our Professional Development Courses before, the following information might help you decide on attending the next one.

Professional Development Courses – Webinars

Our webinars are designed to meet the demands of the global trade community. These live webinars are a convenient way for trade professionals to stay ahead of new regulations with international trade and gain additional knowledge in key areas. The benefits of attending an online course include:

  • Cost-effectiveness – More affordable than industry standards and some even offered complimentary
  • Global accessibility – Travel is removed from the equation for companies with multiple locations or branches
  • Convenience – Attend from the comfort of your desk
  • Concise training – In a fast-paced industry, efficiency becomes just as important as staying compliant
  • Industry recognized sessions – Earn points towards maintenance of your industry designations

Professional Development Courses – Seminars and Workshops

At these in-person sessions, you will learn the best practices on being compliant as an importer and/or exporter helping you expedite your commercial shipments rather than triggering costly delays. Our experts share their knowledge on international and cross-border shipping to keep you current with customs and participating government agency regulations.  The benefits of attending an in-person seminar or workshop include:

  • All day access – Get our experts to answer your questions one-on-one
  • Case studies and real-life examples – Examine other attendees’ trade compliance issues
  • Cost-effectiveness – More affordable than industry standards
  • Range of topics – Choose from a wide variety of seminar topics
  • Certificate of Completion – Receive a certificate for each course you attend
  • Handouts – Take home your own set of course material
  • Industry recognized sessions – Earn points towards maintenance of your industry designations
  • Networking – Connect with other like-minded professionals

For future reference, download your own 2017 Spring/Summer Trade Compliance Program today!

Requirements for Importing Wooden Articles Into Canada

Wooden articles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When importing goods containing wooden components, certain information is needed to determine the necessary import documents required by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Please ensure these admissibility requirements are known and met prior to purchasing or shipping the items. Some examples of subject goods fall under the tariff items listed below:

H.S. Tariff Classification Description
4419 Tableware and kitchenware, of wood
4420 Decorative articles of wood
4421 Other articles of wood
6702 Artificial flowers, foliage and fruit and parts
9403.60 Wooden furniture
9505 Festive articles
9703 Original sculptures and statuary
9406.10 Prefabricated buildings of wood

The following information is needed to determine the necessary requirements to ensure admissibility under the CFIA import requirements:

  • Is it greater than, less than or equal to 1.5cm thick?
  • Does the item contain bark?
  • Is the product made with “processed” or “unprocessed” wood?

The term “processed wood materials” are defined under the International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) as:

“Products that are a composite of wood constructed using glue, heat and pressure, or any combination thereof [ISPM 15:2002]”

There has been a lack of clarity surrounding requirements due to viewing the term ‘finished’ wooden articles as being synonymous with ‘processed’ wooden articles. Please note that the term ‘processed’ does NOT mean ‘finished’. The term ‘finished’ will no longer be used and has been replaced with ‘processed’ as defined as above.

Examples of ‘processed’ wood include aspenite, masonite, plywood, veneer, fiberboard, particle board, oriented strand board, sawdust, and wafer board.

A complete outline of the requirements and reasoning can be found here.

It is strongly recommended that this information is clearly indicated on the invoice for each wooden commodity. If the required information is not provided then affected importers will need to be contacted to obtain this information before the shipment can be processed for Customs. This can potentially result in delays in customs clearance and additional handling costs.

In general:

Wooden articles that are less than 1.5 cm thick and not containing bark will most likely be approved for import with no additional document requirements.

Wooden articles that are greater than 1.5 cm thick or containing bark, depending on the origin, could require any or all of the following:

  • Plant Protection Import Permit – issued by the CFIA
  • Phytosanitary Certificate – certified by the (National Plant Protection Organization) NPPO of the exporting country
  • Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-export – certified by the USDA

Other Wooden furniture classified under 9400.60, regardless of thickness, made with unprocessed wood, depending on the origin, could require any or all of the following:

  • Plant Protection Import Permit – issued by the CFIA
  • Phytosanitary Certificate – certified by the (National Plant Protection Organization) NPPO of the exporting country
  • Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-export – certified by the USD

Case Studies Pacific Customs Brokers Has Encountered

Missing Information on Documentation

We have encountered several transactions containing decorative wood products where the invoice description did not provide the thickness of the wood, if it contained bark, or if it was made with unprocessed wood.

  • Once the information was obtained, it was determined that the goods did not meet the necessary requirements and were inadmissible to enter Canada
  • The goods were then required to either be returned to the vendor or to be destroyed under Customs supervision.

Inaccurate Information on Documentation

In other cases goods have been released with inaccurate information which resulted in the CFIA performing a site inspection on the shipment.

  • In many cases products were found to exceed 1.5 cm thickness and were of foreign origin. The requirement for this is a Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-export covering the goods.
  • If this was not prepared at the time of export, then the supplier will not be able to produce the required documents.
  • The CFIA will then enforce the admissibility requirements and the importer is required to destroy the goods in question.

In either scenario significant expenses are incurred by the importer and the potential for delays and inspections is greatly increased.

Prefabricated buildings, made of wood, will require either a “No Permit Required Letter” or a “Plant Protection Import Permit”. These documents can be obtained from the CFIA’s center of administration.

If you are considering importing any of the subject goods outlined above or any articles containing wooden components please ensure the goods meet admissibility requirements under CFIA prior to purchasing or shipping the items.

Should you need more information, please contact your local CFIA office at: Area and Regional Offices

If you have any questions about importing any of the aforementioned articles share them in the comments section below or email us at Ask Your Broker.

Earn Credits Towards Your Professional Development with Pacific Customs Brokers

Are you caught up on your professional development credits for 2016?

The responsibility of understanding and abiding by trade regulations falls upon all of us playing a part in global trade. We want to help your business import and export successfully. For this reason we offer a series of seminars and webinars that will educate you on just that and contribute to your professional designations’ maintenance requirements.

Whether you are a Canadian or U.S. Certified Customs Specialist (CCS), a Certified Trade Compliance Specialist (CTCS), a Certified Export Specialist (CES), a designate with the Law Society of British Columbia (LSBC) or accounting professional, taking any of Pacific Customs Brokers’ seminars and webinars will earn you maintenance points, credits and hours towards your professional designations.

Review and plan your maintenance for the second half of 2016 here.

CSCB NEI LSBC
Webinar CCS CTCS CCS CES
CDN Importing for Beginners Part 1
CDN Importing for Beginners Part 2 *5
US Importing for Beginners Part 1 1
US Importing for Beginners Part 2 *5 1
FDA Regulated Goods *5 1
CFIA Regulated Goods *5
NAFTA for Beginners Part 1 1 1
NAFTA for Beginners Part 2 *5 1 1
*Taking any three of these 1-hour events qualifies for 5 CCS points. To claim your points, contact Adriana Zamora with the three course names upon completion of the third.
Seminar
CDN Trade Compliance Part 1  5  5  –  –  –
CDN Trade Compliance Part 2  5  5  –  –  3
Exporting from Canada  5  5  3  3  –
US Trade Compliance Part 1  5  5  3  –  –
US Trade Compliance Part 2  5  5  3  –  3
HS Tariff Classification  5  –  6  –  4
FTAs & Rules of Origin  5  –  5  –  –
Customs Valuation  5  –  3.5  –  –
CFIA  5  5  –  –  –
FDA  5  5  3  –  –
C-TPAT & PIP  2.5  2.5  2  2  –

 

If you have never attended one of our courses before, the following information might help you decide on attending the next one.

Seminars and Workshops

At these in-person sessions, our experts share their knowledge on cross-border and international shipping. They will keep you current with customs and other government department regulations. You will learn the best practices on being compliant as an importer and/or exporter, helping you expedite shipments rather than trigger costly delays. The benefits of attending an in-person seminar or workshop include:

  • All day access – Get our experts to answer your questions one-on-one
  • Cost-effectiveness – More affordable than industry standards
  • Range of topics – Choose from a wider variety of seminar topics than offered in our webinar format
  • Certificate of Completion – Receive a certificate for each course you attend
  • Case studies and real-life examples – Examine other attendees’ trade compliance issues
  • Networking – Connect with other like-minded professionals
  • Handouts – Take home your own set of course material
  • Industry recognized sessions – Earn points towards maintenance of your industry designations

Webinars

Our webinars are designed to meet the demands of the global trade community. These live webinars are a convenient way for trade professionals to stay ahead of new regulations with international trade and gain additional knowledge in key areas. The benefits of attending an online course include:

  • Global accessibility – Travel is removed from the equation for companies with multiple locations or branches
  • Cost-effectiveness – Complimentary part 1 and more affordable than industry standards
  • Concise training – In a fast-paced industry, efficiency becomes just as important as staying compliant
  • Convenience – Attend from the comfort of your desk
  • Industry recognized sessions – Earn points towards maintenance of your industry designations

Have a question about any of the seminars or webinars listed above? Use the comment section below or email Ask Your Broker.

Advance Trade Data: End State eManifest Process for In-Bond Shipments

 

 

 

 

Currently carriers and freight forwarders who have filed security with Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) are considered “bonded” and therefore permitted to carry goods in-bond from the First Port of Arrival (FPOA) to an inland destination for examination and/or release. The trade community benefits greatly from this type of movement of goods and CBSA recognizes that to not allow this would pose a significant challenge.

With the implementation of eManifest, CBSA continued to allow in-bond movements as long as the pre-arrival data was provided by the carrier within the prescribed time frames. However, once mandatory, in addition to the requirement for highway carriers to provide advance cargo and conveyance data, importers will be required to submit Advance Trade Data (ATD) for that in-bond shipment in a new end state process.

Advance Trade Data

The ATD elements that importers will soon be required to submit include:

  • Importer of Record (IOR) number, name and complete address
  • Country/State of Origin
  • Country/State of Export
  • Commodity H.S. code to the 6th digit
  • Name and complete addresses of Manufacturer/Supplier, Seller/Vendor, Exporter (if different than the seller), Buyer/Purchaser, and Consignee (if different than the buyer)

Once ATD is mandatory, CBSA will receive and risk assess the carrier’s pre-arrival cargo and conveyance data as well as the importer’s ATD. If the importer’s ATD submission has not been received upon the carrier’s arrival at the FPOA, CBSA will determine:

  • If the carrier and driver are not members of a CBSA Trusted Trader Program, the shipment will not be permitted to move in-bond until the ATD is provided and risk assessed.
  • If the carrier and driver are approved members of a CBSA Trusted Trader Program, the shipment will be permitted to move in-bond to an approved warehouse.

Trusted Trader Programs

This end state process provides benefits to carriers who have invested in these programs.

CBSA has not yet announced when ATD for highway shipments will become mandatory for importers; however, for carriers who transport goods in-bond into Canada, it may be prudent to research becoming a member of a Trusted Trader Program if not a member already.

Are you an approved member of a Trusted Trader Program? Which program did you choose? Share your experience of the application process or any tips you may have in the comments section below or email us at Ask Your Broker.